Bauhaus was a German design school of the interwar years that had a huge influence on modern architecture, product design and technology as we know it today. Celebrating its centenary year in 2019, the school was ground-breaking for its interdisciplinary approach, seeing all their students as artists and designers, not one or the other. Whether painter, sculptor, architect or designer, all students were encouraged to learn a range of skills from carpentry to typography, advertising to bookbinding.
With the advent of World War Two, the Nazis shut the school and it’s teachers and students fled to Western Europe and North America, where they went on to shape design and aesthetics in the 20th Century and beyond.
Wilhelm Wagenfeld attended Bauhaus between 1923-25, carrying the movement’s philosophy throughout his career – his approach was always ‘to design household objects cheap enough for the workers and good enough for the rich’.
MAKING A NAME IN LIGHTING
Wagenfeld made a particular name for himself in lighting, designing for some of Germany’s finest manufacturers. Like Plumen, he believed that the light source should be central to the design of every light fixture, whether a pendant, wall light, table light or any other light. Just as with the Plumen 003, Wagenfeld always designed the two to compliment each other.
To do this, he had to design his own light bulbs – and so, the Wilbur was born. Originally named the ‘El Royal’ and manufactured by Lindner, Wagenfeld designed a huge number of beautiful fixtures to compliment the Wilbur. When you see them as they are meant to be, bulb and fixture in harmony, the result is stunning.
Plumen has picked up Wagenfeld’s flame in the 21st Century, we hope lighting designers and manufacturers will do the same!